Speech and Language Pathologists (SLPs) are trained to work on many types of learning differences. These include dyslexia, auditory processing disorder, language disorders and Autism Spectrum Disorders. They also work with kids who have nonverbal learning disabilities.

SPLs are part of the special education team. SPLs (and speech and language pathologist assistants (SLPAs), under the supervision of the Speech and language pathologist) take part in the intervention and evaluation process. They work with kids who receive related services through their IEP. 

As part of their work, they address a wide range of skills. They might help a child with social skills issues make appropriate conversation, for instance. Or they might help struggling readers learn phonological awareness and gain comprehension.

Their goal is to help improve how well a child is learning and performing in the classroom. To do this, they often focus on a child’s ability to understand and use language.

SLPs work with kids both one-on-one and in small groups. They may coordinate with a special education teacher to support an individual child. They may also come into the classroom to work with kids in a reading or language center or to co-teach a lesson with the classroom teacher.

Reference: https://www.understood.org/articles/en/speech-language-pathologists-what...